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Cattell, D W, Bowen, P A and Kaka, A P (2010) The risks of unbalanced bidding. Construction Management and Economics, 28(04), 333–44.

  • Type: Journal Article
  • Keywords: bidding; cost modelling; risk analysis; risk management; mark-up
  • ISBN/ISSN: 0144-6193
  • URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/01446191003663264
  • Abstract:
    Unbalanced bidding models have largely ignored the risk aspect of item pricing. Many researchers have acknowledged that there are considerable risks associated with unbalancing a bid but little has been done to describe these risks, let alone model them. A new framework is proposed by which all of these risks can be assessed. It identifies that these risks comprise the risk of rejection, the risk of reaction, and the risk of being wrong. It is further proposed that the value-at-risk (‘VaR’) method of measuring risk is a convenient way by which to combine all of these risks into one composite assessment. This quantified assessment serves to describe the extent of risk generated by each level of each item’s price. Previous related research has proposed an unbalanced bidding model that has likewise provided a measurement of the expected reward generated by each level of each item’s price. By doing a summation of these, keeping in mind that the prices applied to all of a project’s component items must add up to the overall bid price, the contractor is able to assess both the risks as well as the rewards of all possible item price combinations.

Crosthwaite, D (2000) The international performance of British construction companies 1990-1996. Building Research & Information, 28(04), 280–90.

Cui, Q, Hastak, M and Halpin, D (2010) Systems analysis of project cash flow management strategies. Construction Management and Economics, 28(04), 361–76.

Dainty, A R J, Bagilhole, B M and Neale, R H (2000) Computer aided analysis of qualitative data in construction management research. Building Research & Information, 28(04), 226–33.

Dulaimi, M F, Alhashemi, M, Ling, F Y Y and Kumaraswamy, M (2010) The execution of public-private partnership projects in the UAE. Construction Management and Economics, 28(04), 393–402.

Gage, S A and Graham, J M R (2000) Static split duct roof ventilators. Building Research & Information, 28(04), 234–44.

Galbraith, G H, Guo, J S and McLean, R C (2000) The effect of temperature on the moisture permeability of building materials. Building Research & Information, 28(04), 245–59.

Hallowell, M (2010) Safety risk perception in construction companies in the Pacific Northwest of the USA. Construction Management and Economics, 28(04), 403–13.

Lai, I K W and Lam, F K S (2010) Perception of various performance criteria by stakeholders in the construction sector in Hong Kong. Construction Management and Economics, 28(04), 377–91.

Lai, J H K (2010) Operation and maintenance budgeting for commercial buildings in Hong Kong. Construction Management and Economics, 28(04), 415–27.

Li, C Q (2000) A method for reliability-based economic design of building structures. Building Research & Information, 28(04), 260–7.

Nicholas, J, Holt, G D and Harris, P T (2000) Suppliers' debt collection and contractor creditworthiness evaluation. Building Research & Information, 28(04), 268–79.

Raisbeck, P, Duffield, C and Xu, M (2010) Comparative performance of PPPs and traditional procurement in Australia. Construction Management and Economics, 28(04), 345–59.